Introduction of Dental Section

The 'Dental Section 'of University Medical and Dental College started in 2008 has now established as an institute to groom dental students for graduate and postgraduate degrees. This is the first private sector dental institute that offers programs of dental education to produce competent dental professionals to serves a large population of Central Punjab. We have an excellent faculty to teach and train dental students on scientific grounds, a dedicated staff and latest, state of the art equipments and educational facilities to enhance technical capability of students. This college shall serve to provide professionally skilled human resources at national and international level.

Here at the college, we have created an environment of professionalism built upon standards of ethics and quality. The students are engaged for sustained learning and continuing professional development. The dental students are exposed at an early stage to clinical dentistry through our school health programs which takes students to rural & urban localities of the city & adjoining areas to examine and educate children, and the public at large regarding their oral health care. In order to equip students with real time experience they work on the dental simulation systems in state of the art laboratories.

The postgraduate programs are prepared to promote inter-disciplinary approach of dental education and practice of dentistry that enhance team-work and develop leadership skills in dental graduates. The programs shall increase opportunities of integration of science in clinical practice.

The college has been upgraded and facilitated to provide scientific environment for

  • Undergraduate Dental Education
  • Postgraduate Dental Education, Training & Research opportunities
  • Dental Auxiliary programs

The 'dental clinics' at Madina Teaching hospital has latest oral health care facilities for patients. Highly qualified faculties cater the needs of dental patients at par excellence and provide safe clinical practice. INSHAHALLAH, we are going to have first ever fully digitalized dental hospital, with latest digital radiography equipments and computer generated imaging systems, in the country.

Department of Periodontology

Periodontology is the study about "Periodontium", which includes all the supporting apparatus of the tooth, such as:

  • Gingiva
  • Cementum
  • Periodontal ligament
  • Alveolar bone

It deals with the biology of periodontium in health and in disease. This branch of dentistry covers both the non-surgical, surgical as well as medicinal approach in managing the diseases of periodontal tissues & its associated structures. The subject is taught to 3rd year BDS class Learning of this subject shall prepare the students for clinical management of periodontal patients in general dental practice.

Department of Science of Dental Materials

Sciences of dental materials encompass the development, characterization, use and evaluation of the materials used to repair or replace teeth. It represents a nexus between the basic and clinical sciences.

This discipline to dentistry is an interdisciplinary area that applies Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Metallurgy to the development, understanding, and evaluation of materials used in the practice of dentistry; principally involved in restorative dentistry, prosthodontics, pedodontics, and orthodontics.

This above subject is taught in 1st year and it forms the pillar of basic clinical dental practice & the undergraduate students at UMDC will be taught the material handling and their applications with the passage of time at different levels of their educational career in dentistry.

Department of Prosthodontics

Prosthodontics is the Science & Art of replacing teeth and its associated structure by means of removable and fixed Prosthesis.

It covers clinical and laboratory techniques. This subject is taught from third year and in final year BDS. The syllabus includes history taking and examination for partial dentures, complete dentures, impression making techniques, jaw relation recording, concepts of articulators and occlusion, mounting and insertion along with post insertion complaints.

The new treatment modality of dental implants, have been included to keep pace with modern dentistry.

Department of Orthodontics

Orthodontics deals with Malocclusion, which is a technical term for crooked, crowded or protruding teeth which do not fit together properly. Most malocclusions are inherited. These include crowding of teeth, too much space between teeth, extra or missing teeth, cleft palate and a variety of irregularities of the jaws and face. Some malocclusions are acquired. They can be caused by thumb-sucking, tongue thrusting, dental disease, premature loss of primary or permanent teeth, accidents or some medical problems.

Crooked and crowded teeth are hard to clean and maintain. This may contribute to conditions that may cause tooth decay, eventual gum disease and tooth loss. A bad bite can also cause abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, difficulty in chewing and excess stress of the supporting bone and gum tissue.

Beautiful smile is just one of the benefits orthodontist has to offer. Bringing lips and jaws into proper alignment not only produces a great smile, but a healthy one as well. Straight teeth simply function better and are easier to clean. And last but far from least is the increased confidence and self-esteem that a healthy smile provides.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is the specialty of dentistry which includes the diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of oral diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissue of the oral and maxillofacial regions. Our core curriculum includes anesthesia, diagnosis, patient assessment, dento-alveolar surgery, temporomandibular surgery, orthographic surgery, trauma, reconstructive surgery, oral pathology and Tumors of the Head & Neck area.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is introduced in third year of BDS with the basic Principles of Oral Surgery, Sterilization, Disinfection, Local Anesthesia & Extraction of Teeth.

It is a major subject in the Final year, which is taught and examined according to the prescribed PMDC Syllabus. At a time other discipline of medicine, like neurosurgery, plastic surgery and ENT are incorporated for different patients working as a team to provide the best possible treatment.

We hope that department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery will become a centre of excellence for the patients of Province of the Punjab.

Department of Operative Dentistry

Operative Dentistry is the art and science of the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of defects of teeth which require restoration. Such restorations should restore the proper tooth form, function and esthetics while maintaining the physiological integrity of the teeth in harmonious relationship with the adjacent hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity.

During the last 50 years treatment of carious teeth has evolved constantly. The specialty of operative dentistry is concerned with the treatment of carious, discolored and broken down teeth.

Newer techniques and materials are being introduced on a regular basis. Operative dentistry is still recognized as the foundation of dentistry and the base from which most other aspects of dentistry are evolved. The contributions of many practitioners, educators and researchers throughout the world have resulted in operative dentistry being recognized today as a scientifically based discipline that plays an important role in enhancing dental health.

The dynamic specialty of operative dentistry is made up of several sub specialties. It includes:

  • Conservative dentistry
  • Endodontics
  • Paedodontics
  • Cosmetic dentistry

Department of Oral Pathology

Oral Pathology & Oral Microbiology deals with the diagnosis of "Oral Diseases". It is the confluence of basic sciences such as, knowledge of gross "Oral Microscopic Anatomy, Biochemistry, Oral Microbiology and Physiology incorporating Clinical Dentistry. Information regarding clinical dentistry is obtained through clinical history, diagnostic tools such as Radiographic / Analysis & Laboratory findings. The definite diagnosis of Oral diseases is established by means of Histological Analysis.

Undergraduate students will be provided sufficient knowledge about all aspects of oral diseases, so that they are able to identify and treat the diseases, at UMDC.

Oral medicine is also an important subject of dentistry, which deals with the diagnosis, investigations, management and treatment of the various non-surgical oral conditions. It also educates us to understand the oral manifestations of different systemic conditions which have a very important role in patient management.

These above subjects are included in 2nd & 3rd Professional course.

Department of Oral Medicine

Oral medicine is also an important subject of dentistry, which deals with the diagnosis, investigations, management and treatment of the various non-surgical oral conditions. It also educates us to understand the oral manifestations of different systemic conditions which have a very important role in patient management.

These above subjects are included in 2nd & 3rd Professional course.

Department of Oral Biology & Tooth Morphology

The subject of Oral Biology & Tooth Morphology deals with the detailed basic knowledge of early development, histology & morphological aspects of all the oral tissues

Saliva, which forms the nutritional medium of oral cavity, is responsible for maintaining the integrity of normal oral health as it forms the basic pillar of dentistry is taught in depth in this subject.

The various stages of early tooth development, facial bones, the temporomandibular joint, tongue & all related soft & hard tissues are included in this subject. This subject makes as dental undergraduate student competent enough to differentiate between a deciduous and a permanent tooth, so they can apply this subject knowledge at their clinical practice.

Department of Community Dentistry

Community Dentistry is multifaceted discipline that is defined: "The science and art of preventing and controlling oral dental diseases, promoting oral health and improving the quality of life through organized community efforts".

In addition to disease prevention, oral health promotion and dental health education, the activities being undertaken in the field of community dentistry include administration of group dental care programmes, planning and evaluation of dental care services and applied dental research. The various sub-disciplines involved in this specialty are epidemiology and biostatistics; political, social and behavioral sciences; biological and physical sciences; health economics, health education and health administration.

The main domains of activity of the Department of Community Dentistry are Oral Health promotion and Dental Research.