Semester IComments Off on CHEMICAL PROCESS Principles – I
Credit hours: 3(3-0)
Objectives of the course:
To develop learning to analyze and solve material balance problems in processing units.
Units, dimensions and conversions, Temperature and Pressure scales, Composition of mixtures, Principles of stoichiometric combination.
Nature of balances: Concept of a balance. Input-output relationships. Steady-state considerations. Black box approach. Sub-systems and interconnections. Familiarization with flow sheets. Mass balance diagrams and tables.
Mass balances for items of plant, Choice of basis/datum for balances. Overall and component balances, Limiting and excess reactants. Balances for systems with recycle, purge and by-pass streams. Mass balances for reactive processes. Mass balances for unit operations, Tie components. Balances for batch and continuous plant.
Text and references:
Himmelblau David M. “Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering”. 7th 2003. Prentice Hall PTR.
Felder Richard M., Rousseau Ronald W. “Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes” 3rd 2001. John Willey & Sons.
Reklaitis G.V., Schneider Daniel R. “Introduction to Material and Energy Balances” 1983. John Wiley & Sons.
Hougen Olaf A., Watson Kenneth M. “Chemical Processes Principles”. 2004,
John Wiley and Sons & CBS Publishers.
Chopy & Hicks, “Handbook of Chemical Engineering Calculations” , 2nd Ed.