SEMESTER IVComments Off on CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS-I
Credit hours 4(3-1)
Specific objectives of the course:
To familiarize students with the concept of thermodynamic, heat and its application in chemical engineering
Kinetic Theory of Gases, electrochemistry
Chemical thermodynamics: Scope and definitions; Isolated, closed and open systems; Intensive and extensive properties; State and functions of state; First law; Internal energy U; Enthalpy H; Reversibility; Calorimetry; Enthalpies of formation and reaction; Bond dissociation energy and mean bond energy; Dependence of U and H on temperature; Kirchhoff’s equation; First law as applied to ideal gases; Isothermal; Isometric; isobaric; polytropic and adiabatic processes involving an ideal gas; P-V-T relationships for non ideal gases.
Phase equilibria: Phase rule; One component systems; Clapeyron and Clausius-Clapeyron equations. Two component systems. Liquid-vapor equilibria. Ideal and
Non-ideal solutions; Composition of vapor in equilibrium with liquid; Fractional distillation. Azeotropes. Mixing. Liquid-solid equilibria. Eutectic. Compound formation. Solid solutions.
To study the miniature steam power plant, Refrigeration unit, Mechanical equivalent of heat, Thermal conductivity of different material and Coefficient of linear expansion.
Text and references:
Smith J.M., Van Ness H.C., Abbott M.M. “Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics” 6th Ed. 2001. McGraw Hill International Edition.
Daubert Thomas E. “Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”, 1st Ed. 1985, McGraw Hill Book Company.
Sandler Stanley I. “Chemical and Engineering Thermodynamics” 3rd Ed. John Wiley and sons, Inc.
Eastop, Mc Conkey “Applied Thermodynamics” National Book Foundation